Microsoft’s New Browser Will Be Called Microsoft Edge

Kmsraj51 की कलम से…..

KMSRAJ51-CYMT

Windows 10’s web browser is called Microsoft Edge.

MS EDGE

We knew that Internet Explorer was dead.

We knew a successor was coming.

We just didn’t know the official name, beyond the “Project Spartan” placeholder.

Now we do: Microsoft’s new browser is called Microsoft Edge.

Just announced at the company’s build conference, Edge will be the primary/default browser built into Windows 10.

Details are still light on of what’s unique to Edge, but here’s what we know:

  • It has built-in Cortana support.
  • It has built-in reader, note-taking and sharing features.
  • The design focuses on simplicity and minimalism.
  • The rendering engine is called EdgeHTML.

While no full-size screenshots have been released yet, here’s what we could grab from the demo screen as it debuted:

MS EDGE1

MS EDGE2

MS EDGE3

Update: Here’s the just released “teaser” style video:

Link: https://youtu.be/iH1D31YHsgY

Please Share your comment`s.

© आप सभी का प्रिय दोस्त ®

Krishna Mohan Singh(KMS)
Head Editor, Founder & CEO
of,,  https://kmsraj51.com/

———– @ Best of Luck @ ———–

Note::-

यदि आपके पास हिंदी या अंग्रेजी में कोई Article, Inspirational StoryPoetry या जानकारी है जो आप हमारे साथ share करना चाहते हैं तो कृपया उसे अपनी फोटो के साथ E-mail करें. हमारी Id है: kmsraj51@hotmail.com. पसंद आने पर हम उसे आपके नाम और फोटो के साथ यहाँ PUBLISH करेंगे. Thanks!!

Also mail me ID: cymtkmsraj51@hotmail.com (Fast reply)

cymt-kmsraj51

– कुछ उपयोगी पोस्ट सफल जीवन से संबंधित –

* विचारों की शक्ति-(The Power of Thoughts)

KMSRAJ51 के महान विचार हिंदी में।

* खुश रहने के तरीके हिन्दी में।

* अपनी खुद की किस्मत बनाओ।

* सकारात्‍मक सोच है जीवन का सक्‍सेस मंत्र 

* चांदी की छड़ी।

kmsraj51- C Y M T

“सफलता का सबसे बड़ा सूत्र”(KMSRAJ51)

“स्वयं से वार्तालाप(बातचीत) करके जीवन में आश्चर्यजनक परिवर्तन लाया जा सकता है। ऐसा करके आप अपने भीतर छिपी बुराईयाें(Weakness) काे पहचानते है, और स्वयं काे अच्छा बनने के लिए प्रोत्सािहत करते हैं।”

In English

Amazing changes the conversation yourself can be brought tolife by. By doing this you Recognize hidden within the buraiyaensolar radiation, and encourage good solar radiation to becomethemselves.

 ~KMSRAJ51 (“तू ना हो निराश कभी मन से” किताब से)

“अगर अपने कार्य से आप स्वयं संतुष्ट हैं, ताे फिर अन्य लोग क्या कहते हैं उसकी परवाह ना करें।”

-KMSRAJ51

 

 

_______Copyright © 2015 kmsraj51.com All Rights Reserved._______

Accept Change, Don’t Resist It

Kmsraj51 की कलम से…..

KMSRAJ51-CYMT

Accept Change, Don’t Resist It – Part 1 

Change resistance or the inability to adopt to change is the most common reason for the life stresses that all of us are faced with. There used to be a time when change was not so sudden as it is now, but modern lifestyles have made change so sudden that we have reached a point where change resistance has almost become like a syndrome or illness. There was once a businessman named Mr. Rai (name changed), who was very successful in everything he did, whether it be his profession, relationships, earning wealth, earning a name for himself and with a superb personality. It was all great going until one day came when suddenly the government’s policies bought the stock market crashing down and his company, which he headed – its stocks (shares) took a dip and at the same time the fall in his professional stature saw an egoistic life partner turn away from him out of dissatisfaction. These two downs in his life saw his self esteem nosedive (fall down) to its lowest. Life was not the same again. His teenaged children developed bad habits because of a rocked marriage and Mr. Rai was struggling with the sudden changes in his life so much that he took to drinking excessively and even resort to gambling, causing emotional instability and depression.

This can happen to any of us, a sudden change of fortunes, where suddenly one single negative event, only a single change, can rock your life boat and cause it to become unstable in the life ocean and even sink. What should have Mr. Rai done so that he could have prevented a downslide in his fortunes – from extremely successful, one of the wealthiest and the very best to be seen as unsuccessful. A change of perception you would say. That’s what all self-help books talk about. But how? And here we also throw light on the golden principle of acceptance, which follows the change of perception and also cannot take place without the perception change and is an opposite emotion than the one which we commonly experience – that of resistance, when faced with a difficult situation.

Message 

Fulfill your promise instead of just keeping it in a file and you’ll find progress.

Expression: In all that you do throughout the day, check to what extent you are able to fulfill the promises that you make to yourself. Also check the reason for not being able to fulfill some promise that you have made recently.

Experience: Think of that promise that you had made to yourself recently that you had not been able to fulfill and think of the reason why you had made that promise and how important it is for you to fulfill that promise. When you practice in this way you’ll find yourself getting enthusiastic to fulfill that promise.

Accept Change, Don’t Resist It – Part 2 

Mr. Rai, who resisted change, accepting a difficult situation wasn’t easy in his case, which is a real case of a person who was impressed by the teachings of the Brahma Kumaris. He was given a five point spiritual power formula by one of the sisters of the Brahma Kumaris, who was playing a role of spiritual service at one of the Brahma Kumaris centres. Mr. Rai later shared his experience as to how the five powers had helped him reshape his perception into a positive one and as a result accept a life-strangling situation.

The first power was the power to transform one’s thoughts as per one’s own desires using the power of meditation, which at the Brahma Kumaris, is a connection between two minds – your own mind and the mind of a higher potent (powerful) force – the fountain of spiritual strength – God. This connection is commonly called manmanabhav in the Gita, which means connect your mind to me, where me refers to God, the Supreme Being of spiritual light and might, invisible to the physical eyes but visible to the eye of spiritual wisdom or what we call third eye. This connection causes spiritual energy in its purest form harnessed (taken) from God and flows into one’s sanskaras and works on the sanskara of thinking too much, when faced with a difficult situation. All the spiritual wisdom in the world, which can be found in thousands of books of the famous authors on self-management of our times, cannot change our way of thinking, what a few seconds of powerful manmanabhav can do.

The second power was the power to discriminate between negative and positive information that one is exposed to throughout the day. Very often a negative piece of information received from the daily newspaper can flood the mental perception of a negative and tight situation with confusion and a lack of clarity and cause us to become emotionally disabled or weakened. So, Mr. Rai was given a simple advice – read the newspaper during mid-day or in the evening and not the first thing in the morning; when the mind is not so fresh and the absorption capability of the sub-conscious mind is lower than what it is during the morning.

Message 

The one who is responsible is the one who is always light.

Expression: To be resposnsible means to do everything with the best of one’s ability. It comes with the recognition and the understanding of the importance of the task. No action is wasted, but everything meaningfully connects to the fulfillment of the task. So there are not even ordinary actions, but only those that are meaningful.

Experience: When I take up every task that I need to do with full responsibility, I am able to give my best. Then I will be able to be light having done my task well and in time. There is never the pressure of work, but there is plenty of time for the self and for others. I also find my inner resources being used to the fullest extent.

Accept Change, Don’t Resist It – Part 3 

The third power shared by the Brahma Kumaris to Mr. Rai was the power to let go of all the memories of the negative events that he had been exposed to, since childhood, by taking out time to indulge in pure service in his corporate circle – share all that he had learnt at the Brahma Kumaris with one person everyday. He made a principle of his life called Each One Teach One Each Day. This became his hobby and all the negative incidents that were negating (reducing) his ability to perceive positively a negative situation and as a result accepting it were pushed in the backgrounds of his consciousness and he became a new person, from one with a cupboard full of files of a negative past to one with an unfilled cupboard eager to fill new positive experiences in itself, which would help him in crossing an uncertain present and constructing a positive future.

Also, another power to achieve success in the change of perception and then accept was the power to think correctly based on beliefs based on spiritual truths e.g. the belief – I will be unable to emerge victorious over this negative event in my life was replaced by – Every negative situation is a boon or blessing to achieve significant transformation in the self and to bring about progress on a spiritual level, which is not possible without the existence of the negative event. These spiritual truths were a part of the complete spiritual knowledge of the Brahma Kumaris which is in the form of a week-long, an hour per day, introductory study course, which Mr. Rai undertook.

The last power was the power of an everyday morning input of holistic and pure knowledge after the week-long introductory course was undertaken, at the nearest centre of the Brahma Kumaris, which as discussed earlier went a long way in creating an environment inside Mr. Rai’s spiritual self, where positive perceptions surface inside the conscious mind and also settle in the sub-conscious mind and getting over the sorrow connected with the worst of circumstances became easy.

Message 

The one who is open to learning always finds an opportunity to learn and change.

Expression: Life has plenty of opportunities for the one who wants to learn. Each situation and person that comes one’s way is an instrument for a new learning. Constant learning brings about a deep internal change and progress in one’s life.

Experience: When I am able to learn from all that happens, I am able to be content for both what I have learnt and the change that I have been able to bring about. This contentment also keeps me enthusiastic and my mind open for further learning. I naturally become an embodiment of what I have learnt.

Watch Peace of Mind TV on following DTH
TATA(Sky # 192 | Airtel Digital TV # 686 | Videocon d2h # 497 | Reliance BigTV # 171 |

online www.pmtv.in

Please Share your comment`s.

© आप सभी का प्रिय दोस्त ®

Krishna Mohan Singh(KMS)
Head Editor, Founder & CEO
of,,  https://kmsraj51.com/

———– @ Best of Luck @ ———–

Note::-

यदि आपके पास हिंदी या अंग्रेजी में कोई Article, Inspirational StoryPoetry या जानकारी है जो आप हमारे साथ share करना चाहते हैं तो कृपया उसे अपनी फोटो के साथ E-mail करें. हमारी Id है: kmsraj51@hotmail.com. पसंद आने पर हम उसे आपके नाम और फोटो के साथ यहाँ PUBLISH करेंगे. Thanks!!

Also mail me ID: cymtkmsraj51@hotmail.com (Fast reply)

cymt-kmsraj51

– कुछ उपयोगी पोस्ट सफल जीवन से संबंधित –

* विचारों की शक्ति-(The Power of Thoughts)

KMSRAJ51 के महान विचार हिंदी में।

* खुश रहने के तरीके हिन्दी में।

* अपनी खुद की किस्मत बनाओ।

* सकारात्‍मक सोच है जीवन का सक्‍सेस मंत्र 

* चांदी की छड़ी।

kmsraj51- C Y M T

“सफलता का सबसे बड़ा सूत्र”(KMSRAJ51)

“स्वयं से वार्तालाप(बातचीत) करके जीवन में आश्चर्यजनक परिवर्तन लाया जा सकता है। ऐसा करके आप अपने भीतर छिपी बुराईयाें(Weakness) काे पहचानते है, और स्वयं काे अच्छा बनने के लिए प्रोत्सािहत करते हैं।”

In English

Amazing changes the conversation yourself can be brought tolife by. By doing this you Recognize hidden within the buraiyaensolar radiation, and encourage good solar radiation to becomethemselves.

 ~KMSRAJ51 (“तू ना हो निराश कभी मन से” किताब से)

“अगर अपने कार्य से आप स्वयं संतुष्ट हैं, ताे फिर अन्य लोग क्या कहते हैं उसकी परवाह ना करें।”

-KMSRAJ51

 

 

_______Copyright © 2015 kmsraj51.com All Rights Reserved._______

आपके प्रश्न और मेरे उत्तर।

Kmsraj51 की कलम से…..

KMSRAJ51-CYMT

ϒ आपके प्रश्न और मेरे उत्तर। ϒ

प्रिय मित्रों,
किसी ने मुझसे पूछा “कृष्ण मोहन सिंह जी” आप लगभग ऑलराउंडर ज्ञान के धनी हैं? लेकिन एक बात समझ में नहीं आती कि आप अपने दिमाग में इतना सारा ज्ञान कैसे रख पाते हैं?

मैंने यह भी सुना हैं आप नियमित और संयमित जीवन व्यतीत करते है, आप एक सच्चे राजयाेगी हैं?

प्रिय मित्रों,
मेरे उत्तर ….. कुछ इस तरह…..
≈> मेरा मानना है, हर एक मनुष्य काे वर्तमान समय में लगभग हर एक क्षेत्र के ज्ञान से वाकिफ हाेना चाहिए, जिससे जीवन में आने वाली हरेक समस्याओं का सरलता पूर्वक सामना कर सके।

≈> दिमाग “या” मन आत्मा कि ही एक शक्ति हैं। हरेक आत्मा के अंदर असीमित शक्तियाें का भंडार है, जिस किसी ने भी इन शक्तियाें(आंतरिक आत्मा की शक्तियाें) काे जगाकर, इन शक्तियाें का समयानुसार उचित प्रयोग करना सीख लिया, उसके लिए कुछ भी असंभव नहीं, इस दुनिया में।

≈> जहाँ तक मेरा मानना है कि वर्तमान समय में हरेक मनुष्य काे नियमित और संयमित जीवन व्यतीत करना चाहिए, एेसा करने से उसे स्वस्थ शरीर और मन के साथ-साथ सच्ची गहरी शांति की अनुभूती हाेगी।

हाँ मैं एक राजयाेगी हूँ॥

अपने जीवन में हरेक मनुष्य सफल हाेना चाहता है। अगर आपके भी मन में मानसिक युद्ध चल रहा हाे ताे मन और मन की शांति से संबंधित काेई भी प्रश्न पूछ सकते हैं।

आप सभी के प्रश्नाें का उत्तर हम पोस्ट रूप में- इसी वेबसाइट (https://kmsraj51.com/) पर देगें।
आप सभी अपने प्रश्न हमें ईमेल करें, हमारी ईमेल आईडी हैं…..

Also mail me ID: cymtkmsraj51@hotmail.com (Fast reply)

Please Share your comment`s.

© आप सभी का प्रिय दोस्त ®

Krishna Mohan Singh(KMS)
Head Editor, Founder & CEO
of,,  https://kmsraj51.com/

———– @ Best of Luck @ ———–

Note::-

यदि आपके पास हिंदी या अंग्रेजी में कोई Article, Inspirational StoryPoetry या जानकारी है जो आप हमारे साथ share करना चाहते हैं तो कृपया उसे अपनी फोटो के साथ E-mail करें. हमारी Id है: kmsraj51@hotmail.com. पसंद आने पर हम उसे आपके नाम और फोटो के साथ यहाँ PUBLISH करेंगे. Thanks!!

Also mail me ID: cymtkmsraj51@hotmail.com (Fast reply)

cymt-kmsraj51

– कुछ उपयोगी पोस्ट सफल जीवन से संबंधित –

* विचारों की शक्ति-(The Power of Thoughts)

KMSRAJ51 के महान विचार हिंदी में।

* खुश रहने के तरीके हिन्दी में।

* अपनी खुद की किस्मत बनाओ।

* सकारात्‍मक सोच है जीवन का सक्‍सेस मंत्र 

* चांदी की छड़ी।

kmsraj51- C Y M T

“सफलता का सबसे बड़ा सूत्र”(KMSRAJ51)

“स्वयं से वार्तालाप(बातचीत) करके जीवन में आश्चर्यजनक परिवर्तन लाया जा सकता है। ऐसा करके आप अपने भीतर छिपी बुराईयाें(Weakness) काे पहचानते है, और स्वयं काे अच्छा बनने के लिए प्रोत्सािहत करते हैं।”

In English

Amazing changes the conversation yourself can be brought tolife by. By doing this you Recognize hidden within the buraiyaensolar radiation, and encourage good solar radiation to becomethemselves.

 ~KMSRAJ51 (“तू ना हो निराश कभी मन से” किताब से)

“अगर अपने कार्य से आप स्वयं संतुष्ट हैं, ताे फिर अन्य लोग क्या कहते हैं उसकी परवाह ना करें।”

-KMSRAJ51

 

 

_______Copyright © 2015 kmsraj51.com All Rights Reserved.________

WIRELESS TECHNOLOGIES

Kmsraj51 की कलम से…..

KMSRAJ51-CYMT

ϒ वायरलेस तकनीक ϒ

1: Communication:

Communication is a way which we communicate one to another, the same is used as computer terminology to communicate a computer or device to another computer or device. When we communicate, we are sharing information. This can be local or remote. The data communications are the exchange of data between two devices via some form of transmission medium.

2: Transmission media:

A transmission medium can be broadly defined as anything that can carry information from a source to a destination for example:

For verbal communication, transmission media is air, for data communication among computers transmission medium can be either a wire or wireless medium.

When we talk about transmission media over computer network, we have two option first one is guided media and second one is unguided media.

Guided media which are those that provide a channel from one device to another includes twisted-pair cable, coaxial cable, and fiber cable. As well as guided media have advantage it’s have also many disadvantage like installation & maintenance, cost of wire very high & unable to move devices etc. To avoid these disadvantages we use Wireless-Technology.

Unguided media transport electromagnetic waves without using a physical conductor. This type of communication is often referred to as wireless communication. Signals are normally broadcast through free space.

3: Wireless Technology:

Wireless Technology is a terminology in which you can connect two or more computer or device without using cables. Signals are normally broadcast through free space and thus are available to anyone who has device capable of receiving them. Wireless communication started in 1895 when Hertz was able to send frequency signals. Latter, Marconi devised a method to send telegraph-type massages over the Atlantic Ocean.

4: Standard:

 IEEE has defined the specifications for a wireless Communication, which covers the physical and data link layers. It’s work on IEEE 802.11 standard. Minimum speed is 11 maps & maximum speed is 54 Mbps.

Standard –

IEEE 802.11a

IEEE 802.11b

IEEE 802.11g

IEEE 802.11n

5: Topology of wireless Technology (Structure)

There are two wireless structures in which wireless works

  • Ad hoc
  • Infrastructure

5.1 Ad hoc:

In ad hoc technology, wireless client communicate directly with each other without the use of wireless access point or wired network. Ad hoc mode connects wireless line together when there is no access point preferred.

5.2 Infrastructure:

In this mode, wireless and possible wired clients communicate with each other through a wireless access point, wireless client uses the wireless access point to access the resources of wired network.

In computer networking, wireless access point is a device that connects wireless communication devices together to form a wireless network.

6: Types of Wireless Technology:

We can divide wireless transmission into three broad groups:

  • Wi – Fi
  • Radio waves & Microwaves
  • Infra-red
  • Bluetooth
  • GSM
  • CDMA
  • WLL

6.1 WI – FI:

Wi – Fi is a brand originally licensed by the Wi – Fi Alliance to describe the underlying technology of wireless local area networks (WLAN) based on the IEEE 802.11 specifications. It was developed to be used for mobile computing devices, such as laptops, in LANs, but is now increasingly used for more services, including Internet and VoIP phone access, gaming, and basic connectivity of consumer electronics such as televisions and DVD players, or digital cameras. More standards are in development that will allow Wi – Fi to be sued by cars in highways in support of an Intelligent Transportation System to increase safety, gather statistics, and enable mobile commerce (IEEE 802.11p). Wi – Fi and the Wi – Fi CARTIFIED logo are registered trademarks of the Wi – Fi Alliance – the trade organization that tests and certifies equipment compliance with the 802.11x standards.

Wi – Fi networks can be monitored and used to read and copy data (including personal information) transmitted over the network when no encryption is used.

6.2 Microwave:-

Microwave technology has been used extensively by the broadcast and cable television industries, as well as in other telecommunications applications, since the early 1950s. Today, microwaves are employed by telecommunications industries in the form of both terrestrial relays and satellite communications.

Microwaves are a form of electromagnetic radiation with frequencies ranging from several hundred MHz to several hundred GHz and wavelengths ranging from approximately 1 to 20 centimeters. Because of their high frequencies, microwaves have the advantage of being able to carry more information than ordinary radio waves and are capable of being beamed directly from one point to another. In addition to their telecommunications applications (which include telephony and computer networking, as well as television), microwaves are used in cooking, police radar, and certain military applications.

Since microwave is a “line-of-sight” technology (i.e., because a microwave transmission cannot penetrate the earth’s surface, it will not extend beyond the horizon), long-distance terrestrial transmission of messages is accomplished via a series of relay points known as “hops”. Each hop consists of a tower (often atop a mountain) with one antenna (typically a parabolic antenna) for receiving and another for retransmitting. Hops typically are spaced at 25-mile intervals.

Prior to the widespread use of communications satellites in television industries, terrestrial microwave relays frequently is used to deliver programmed from broadcast networks to their affiliates, or to deliver special event programming, such as sports, to local stations. Beginning in the 1950s, terrestrial microwave relays were employed to supplement expensive telephone land lines for long distance transmission of programming. Microwave mobile units (vans with microwave transmitters attached) have also been used in television news reporting since the late 1950s.

Microwave technology was vital to the development of the community antenna television (CATV) industry. Before microwave technology became available in the early 1950s, local CATV systems were limited in channel selection to those stations that could be received over-the-air via tall “master” antennas. I such situations, a CATV system could flourish only within 100-150 miles of the nearest broadcast television markets. Microwave relays, however, made it possible for CATV systems to operate May hundreds of miles from television stations. The new technology thus was a boon to remote communities, especially in the rural areas, which could not have had television otherwise Microwave also introduced the possibility for CATV operators to select which broadcast signals they would carry sometimes allowing them to bypass closer signals in order to provide their customers with more desirable programming—perhaps from well-funded stations in large cities. For this reason, it was microwave technology above all that prompted the earliest efforts by the Federal Communications Commission to regulate CATV. By the late fifties, some concern had been voiced by broadcasters as to the legality of the retransmission—and, in effect, sale—of their signals by CATV system and CATV-serving microwave outfits.

Historically, then, terrestrial microwave technology accomplished many of the television programming tasks for which communication satellites are used today. Terrestrial relays still exist and serve many important functions for television. In recent years, they have also been enlisted for non-television applications such as computer networking and the relaying of long distance telephone messages. Some companies that began as terrestrial microwave outfits have also diversified into satellite program delivery.

6.2(a) Types of Microwave Relay:

Terrestrial:

 It is usually used when the cabling is difficult and cost of expensive but thus uses line-of-line system. The undirected dishes that are used or terrestrial microwave must be aligned. Microwaves are unidirectional. When an antenna transmits microwave waves, they can be narrowly focused. This means that the sending and receiving antennas need to be aligned.

Satellite:

Its covers large distance compare to other technology. When an antenna transmits radio waves, they are propagated in all directions. This means that the sending and receiving antennas do not have to be aligned. A sending antenna sends waves that can be received by any receiving antenna.

6.3 Infrared Technology:

 Infrared waves, with frequencies form 300 GHz to 400 THz (wavelength form 1 mm to 770mm); can be used for short-range communication. Infrared waves, having high frequencies, cannot penetrate walls. This advantageous characteristic prevents interference betw3en one system and another; a short-range communication system in one room cannot be affected by another system in the next room. When we use our infrared remote control, we do not interfere with the use of the remote by our neighbors; however this same characteristic makes infrared signals useless for long-range communication. In addition, we cannot use infrared waves outside a building because the sun’s rays contain infrared waves that can interfere with the communication.

Infrared radiation is the region of the electromagnetic spectrum between microwaves and visible light. In infrared communication an LED transmits the infrared signal as non-visible light. At the receiving end a photodiode or photoreceptor detects and captures the light pulses, with are then processed to retrieve the information they contain. Some common applications of infrared technology are listed below.

  1. Communication devices Navigation systems
  2. Car locking systems Mobiles
  3. Computers TVs, VCRs, CD players, stereos
  4. Mouse 11. Toys
  5. Keyboards
  6. Environmental control systems
  7. Windows
  8. Doors
  9. Lights
  10. Headphones
  11. Home security systems

6.3(a) Applications of IR:

The infrared band, almost 400 THz, has an excellent potential for data transmission. Such a wide bandwidth can be used to transmit digital data with a very high data rate. The Infrared Data Association (IrDa), an association for sponsoring the use of infrared waves, has established standards for using these signals for communication between devices such as keyboards, mice, PCs, and printers. For example, some manufactured provide a special port called the IrDA port that allows a wireless keyboard to communicate with a PC. The standard originally defined a data rate or 75 kbps for a distance up to 8m. The recent standard defines a data rate of 4 Mbps.

Infrared signals defined by IrDA transmit through line of sight: the IrDA port on the keyboard needs to point to the PC for transmission to occur.

Infrared technology offers several important advantages as a form of wireless communication. Advantages and disadvantages of IR are first presented, followed by a comparative listing of radio frequency (RF) advantages and disadvantages.

6.3(b) Advantages of IR:

  1. Low power requirements: therefore ideal for laptops, telephones, personal digital assistants
  2. Low circuitry costs for the entire coding/decoding circuitry
  3. Simple circuitry: no special or proprietary hardware is required, can be incorporated into the integrated circuit of product
  4. Higher security: directionality of the beam helps ensure that data isn’t leaked or spilled to nearby devices as it’s transmitted
  5. Few international regulatory: IrDA (Infrared Data Association) regulate the functionality of devices will ideally be useable by international travelers, no matter where they may be
  6. High noise immunity: not as likely to have interference from signals from other devices

6.3(c) Disadvantage of IR:

  1. Line of sight: transmitters and receivers must be almost directly aligned (i.e. able to see each other) to communicate
  2. Blocked by common materials: people, walls, plants, etc. can block transmission
  3. Short range: performance drops off with longer distances
  4. Light, weather sensitive: direct sunlight, rain, fog, dust, pollution can affect transmission
  5. Speed: data rate transmission is lower than typical wired transmission

≈> Advantages of RF:

  1. Not line of sight
  2. Not blocked by common materials: can penetrate most solids and pass through walls
  3. Longer range
  4. Not light sensitive
  5. Not as sensitive to weather/environmental conditions

≈> Disadvantages of RF:

  1. Interference: communication devices using similar frequencies – wireless phones, scanners, wrist radios and personal locators can interfere with transmission
  2. Lack of security: easier to “drop” on transmissions since signals are spread out in space rather than confined to a wire
  3. Higher cost than infrared
  4. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) licenses required for some products
  5. Lower speed: data rate transmission is lower than wired and infrared transmission

In addition to the above noted advantages and disadvantages of IR and RF technology, there are other issues that are also pertinent to the consideration of wireless communication systems. Health, safety and security issues are now discussed.

6.4 Bluetooth:

Bluetooth is a wireless LAN technology designed to connect devices of different functions such as telephone, notebooks, computer (Desktop & laptop), cameras, printers, coffee makers, and so on A Bluetooth LAN is an ad hoc network, which means that the network is formed spontaneously; the devices, sometimes called gadgets, find each other and make a network called a Pico net. A Bluetooth LAN can even be connected to the Internet if one of the gadgets has this capability. A Bluetooth LAN, by nature, cannot be large. If there are many gadgets that try to connect, there is chaos.

Bluetooth was originally started as a project by the Ericsson Company. It is named for Herald Blaatand, the king of Denmark (940-981) who united Denmark and Norway. Blaatand translates to Bluetooth in English.

Today, Bluetooth technology is the implementation of a protocol defined by the IEEE 802.15 standard. The standard defines a wireless personal-area network (PAN) operable in an area the size of a room or a hall.

≈> GSM:

GSM is short for “Global System for Mobile” Communications, which is on off the leading digital cellular system. The GSM standard for digital cell phone was established in Europe in the mid 1980s. GSM has now become the international standard in Europe, Australia and mush of Asia and Africa.

In covered areas, cell-phone users can buy one phone that will work anywhere where the standard is supported. To connect to the specific service providers in these different countries, GSM users simply switch “Subscriber Identification Module (SIM) cards. SIM cards are small removable disks that slip in and out of GSM cell phones. They store all the connection data and identification no. you need to access a particular wireless service provider.

GSM uses narrowband TDMA, which allows eight simultaneous calls on the same radio frequency. TDMA is short of Time-Division Multiple Access, a technology for delivering digital wireless service using time-division multiplexing (TDM). TDMA works by dividing a radio frequency into time slots and then allocation slots to multiple calls. In this way, a single frequency can support multiple, simultaneously data channel.

GSM digitizes and compress voice data, then sends it down a channel with other streams of user data, each in its own time slots. GSM system use encryption to make phone calls more secure. GSM operates in the 900-MHz bands in Europe and Asia, and in the 1900-MHz band in the United States. It is used in United States.

≈> CDMA:

CDMA is short for Code-Division Multiple Access, a digital cellular technology that uses spread-spectrum techniques. Unlike competing system, such as GSM that uses TDMA, CDMA does not assign a specific frequency to each user. Instead, every channel uses the full available spectrum. Individual conversations are encoded with pseudo-random digital sequence. CDMA is a form of spread spectrum, which simply means that data is sent in small pieces over a number of the discrete frequencies available for use at any time in the specified range. Each user’s signal is spread over the entire bandwidth by a unique spreading code. At the receiver end, that same unique code is used to recover the signal.

CDMA is military technology first used during World War II by the English allies to foil German attempts at jamming transmissions. The allies decided to transmit over several frequencies, instead of one, making it difficult for the German to pick up the complete signal.

Wireless in local loop is a system that connects subscriber to the “Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN)” using radio signals as a substitute for other connecting media. It is analogous with local telephone service, but much more capable. A WLL system serves a local area by deploying multiplicities of multichannel transmit/receive base station (transceivers) that are within line-of-sight of the intended customers. Each customer is equipped with a mini-station of low power, into which the telephone is connected. The WLL unit consists of a radio transceiver and the WLL interface assembled in one metal box. Two cables and a telephone connector are the only outlets form the box; one cable connects to a directional antenna and a phone receptacle to connect to a common telephone set. A fax or modem could also be connected for fax or computer communication.

When calls are made from the telephone, it signals the base station for a connection, which is subsequently established through a switch centre, exactly as in conventional telephone. An incoming call is identified at the switch centre and routed to the base station assigned to server the telephone being called. The wireless connection is then made, and the call is completed in a conventional manner.

The infrastructure design of WLL system typically uses an advanced transmission technology such as CDMA that permits support of large subscriber bases through orderly expansion of the base station clusters. Such system can support a mixture of rural and urban coverage, permitting modern telephone services to be economically extended to less advantaged population groups. Services like public payphone can also be supported.

The point to point transmission occur through the air over a terrestrial microwave platform rather than through copper or fiber cable; therefore, fixed wireless does not require satellite feeds or local phone service. The advantages of fixed wireless include the ability to connect with users in remote areas without the need for laying new cables and the capacity for broad bandwidth that is not impeded by fiber cable capacities.

The WLL system can operate with GSM Handset/Mobile units, as well as with WLL compatible Subscriber Units.

Advantage of WLL:

  • Lacking exterior plant, reliability is greatly enhanced; as well designed WLL facilities do not significantly suffer from weather damage, vandalism, and accidents.
  • WLL system offers better bandwidth than tradition telephone systems.
  • Most important, because the WLL system has much better bandwidth than traditional telephone systems, superior customer service features and quality can be provided.

WLL system support high quality transmission, signaling service, and all the most advanced customer service features.

Please Share your comment`s.

© आप सभी का प्रिय दोस्त ®

Krishna Mohan Singh(KMS)
Head Editor, Founder & CEO
of,,  https://kmsraj51.com/

———– @ Best of Luck @ ———–

Note::-

यदि आपके पास हिंदी या अंग्रेजी में कोई Article, Inspirational StoryPoetry या जानकारी है जो आप हमारे साथ share करना चाहते हैं तो कृपया उसे अपनी फोटो के साथ E-mail करें. हमारी Id है: kmsraj51@hotmail.com. पसंद आने पर हम उसे आपके नाम और फोटो के साथ यहाँ PUBLISH करेंगे. Thanks!!

Also mail me ID: cymtkmsraj51@hotmail.com (Fast reply)

cymt-kmsraj51

– कुछ उपयोगी पोस्ट सफल जीवन से संबंधित –

* विचारों की शक्ति-(The Power of Thoughts)

KMSRAJ51 के महान विचार हिंदी में।

* खुश रहने के तरीके हिन्दी में।

* अपनी खुद की किस्मत बनाओ।

* सकारात्‍मक सोच है जीवन का सक्‍सेस मंत्र 

* चांदी की छड़ी।

kmsraj51- C Y M T

“सफलता का सबसे बड़ा सूत्र”(KMSRAJ51)

“स्वयं से वार्तालाप(बातचीत) करके जीवन में आश्चर्यजनक परिवर्तन लाया जा सकता है। ऐसा करके आप अपने भीतर छिपी बुराईयाें(Weakness) काे पहचानते है, और स्वयं काे अच्छा बनने के लिए प्रोत्सािहत करते हैं।”

In English

Amazing changes the conversation yourself can be brought tolife by. By doing this you Recognize hidden within the buraiyaensolar radiation, and encourage good solar radiation to becomethemselves.

 ~KMSRAJ51 (“तू ना हो निराश कभी मन से” किताब से)

“अगर अपने कार्य से आप स्वयं संतुष्ट हैं, ताे फिर अन्य लोग क्या कहते हैं उसकी परवाह ना करें।”

-KMSRAJ51

 

 

_______Copyright © 2015 kmsraj51.com All Rights Reserved.________

Tuning The Mind, Intellect And Personality (Sanskars)

Kmsraj51 की कलम से…..

KMSRAJ51-CYMT

© Tuning The Mind, Intellect And Personality (Sanskars®

The soul, is made up of three faculties – the mind, intellect and personality (sanskars). In order to tune these to the highest degree of subtlety, precision and efficiency; we need to connect with the Supreme Soul, who is also a soul, just like us, but has a perfect mind and intellect along with perfect sanskars:

Mind – The Supreme Being or God is an embodiment of positivity – negative and waste do not find a place in his mind.

Intellect – He is also the purest living energy in the entire universe – he is the innocent Lord; a being of conscious light, who has never taken a body and thus never experienced the five vices – lust, anger, greed, ego and attachment.

Sanskars – God is the ocean of the basic virtues of the soul and of humanity – peace, love, bliss, joy, power and purity.

By this connection, gradually over a period of time, our mind, intellect and sanskars begin to become like his – mind becomes full of positivity; intellect begins to become pure and is able to take correct decisions so that right karmas are performed and sanskars become full of the virtues mentioned above.

 Message 

Your humility enables people to realize their mistakes and correct themselves.

Expression: Real humility results in so much power of truth that you don’t need to say anything at all in words. The very power of your inner state of being will make the other person realize the error of their ways.

Experience: When you are giving directions or corrections to someone, check your own attitude, remind yourself of the humility within and then say whatever you have to say. With humility your words will be for their benefit and this will enable them to learn.

Watch Peace of Mind TV on following DTH
TATA(Sky # 192 | Airtel Digital TV # 686 | Videocon d2h # 497 | Reliance BigTV # 171 |

online www.pmtv.in

Please Share your comment`s.

© आप सभी का प्रिय दोस्त ®

Krishna Mohan Singh(KMS)
Head Editor, Founder & CEO
of,,  https://kmsraj51.com/

———– @ Best of Luck @ ———–

Note::-

यदि आपके पास हिंदी या अंग्रेजी में कोई Article, Inspirational StoryPoetry या जानकारी है जो आप हमारे साथ share करना चाहते हैं तो कृपया उसे अपनी फोटो के साथ E-mail करें. हमारी Id है: kmsraj51@hotmail.com. पसंद आने पर हम उसे आपके नाम और फोटो के साथ यहाँ PUBLISH करेंगे. Thanks!!

Also mail me ID: cymtkmsraj51@hotmail.com (Fast reply)

cymt-kmsraj51

– कुछ उपयोगी पोस्ट सफल जीवन से संबंधित –

* विचारों की शक्ति-(The Power of Thoughts)

KMSRAJ51 के महान विचार हिंदी में।

* खुश रहने के तरीके हिन्दी में।

* अपनी खुद की किस्मत बनाओ।

* सकारात्‍मक सोच है जीवन का सक्‍सेस मंत्र 

* चांदी की छड़ी।

kmsraj51- C Y M T

“सफलता का सबसे बड़ा सूत्र”(KMSRAJ51)

“स्वयं से वार्तालाप(बातचीत) करके जीवन में आश्चर्यजनक परिवर्तन लाया जा सकता है। ऐसा करके आप अपने भीतर छिपी बुराईयाें(Weakness) काे पहचानते है, और स्वयं काे अच्छा बनने के लिए प्रोत्सािहत करते हैं।”

In English

Amazing changes the conversation yourself can be brought tolife by. By doing this you Recognize hidden within the buraiyaensolar radiation, and encourage good solar radiation to becomethemselves.

 ~KMSRAJ51 (“तू ना हो निराश कभी मन से” किताब से)

“अगर अपने कार्य से आप स्वयं संतुष्ट हैं, ताे फिर अन्य लोग क्या कहते हैं उसकी परवाह ना करें।”

-KMSRAJ51

 

 

_______Copyright © 2015 kmsraj51.com All Rights Reserved.________

Returning To The Inner Seat Of Mental Comfort And Peace

Kmsraj51 की कलम से…..

KMSRAJ51-CYMT

© Returning To The Inner Seat Of Mental Comfort And Peace ®

At the end of a busy and hurry filled and many a times even peaceless day at office, everyone goes home, to do what? Even a housewife, who has had a busy day in the kitchen and with the children, will yearn to do want at the end of the day? Sit, lie down, relax and experience peace. Just as each one of us returns home or to the comfort of the bedroom at the end of each day; each time we experience any of the various forms of anger in our words or actions or even in our thoughts, sooner or later, we will try to return to what we instinctively and intuitively know is the truth, what is right and good, to the inner seat of our own mental comfort and peace, which is our original and basic sanskara, peacelessness being an acquired one. It’s as if we know when we are set on this seat that we have access to our inner power. It’s as if we know that we can only be comfortable, powerful, blissful and content when we are first peaceful.

Sitting on this seat also provides us with the ability and the power to influence others. A proof of the fact is that all of us have, sometime or the other, known someone who lived their life peacefully but assertively (not weakly or timidly). They expressed themselves peacefully and interacted with others free of any traces of anger in their personality, and they stayed, more or less, positively peaceful and peacefully positive. We remember that person for much longer than the one who is always finding an excuse to use the weapon of anger when things or people do not go his way or get things or people to be as he would want. The peaceful nature of another makes a deeper and more lasting impression on our hearts than the angry nature of another. And when we are in the presence of such a peaceful person, we always allow them into our lives much more and for longer periods of time. In the same way, when we function from our inner seat of mental peace, we are able to influence others and make a lasting impression on others much more.

 Message 

God’s love brings out the perfection from within.

Expression: The power of God’s love brings about change internally. Through His love everything old and unwanted finishes. There is the natural tendency to bring about such perfection that the one who loves Him and gets His love becomes like a mirror – a mirror in which perfection of others too is visible.

Experience: There is such inner strength that I get because of God’s love that even if somebody does something to hurt me, I don’t allow myself to get hurt. Even if people are saying negative things, they don’t influence or touch me in a negative way. I am so full with God’s love that it naturally flows out to those around me.

Watch Peace of Mind TV on following DTH
TATA(Sky # 192 | Airtel Digital TV # 686 | Videocon d2h # 497 | Reliance BigTV # 171 |

online www.pmtv.in

Please Share your comment`s.

© आप सभी का प्रिय दोस्त ®

Krishna Mohan Singh(KMS)
Head Editor, Founder & CEO
of,,  https://kmsraj51.com/

———– @ Best of Luck @ ———–

Note::-

यदि आपके पास हिंदी या अंग्रेजी में कोई Article, Inspirational StoryPoetry या जानकारी है जो आप हमारे साथ share करना चाहते हैं तो कृपया उसे अपनी फोटो के साथ E-mail करें. हमारी Id है: kmsraj51@hotmail.com. पसंद आने पर हम उसे आपके नाम और फोटो के साथ यहाँ PUBLISH करेंगे. Thanks!!

Also mail me ID: cymtkmsraj51@hotmail.com (Fast reply)

cymt-kmsraj51

– कुछ उपयोगी पोस्ट सफल जीवन से संबंधित –

* विचारों की शक्ति-(The Power of Thoughts)

KMSRAJ51 के महान विचार हिंदी में।

* खुश रहने के तरीके हिन्दी में।

* अपनी खुद की किस्मत बनाओ।

* सकारात्‍मक सोच है जीवन का सक्‍सेस मंत्र 

* चांदी की छड़ी।

kmsraj51- C Y M T

“सफलता का सबसे बड़ा सूत्र”(KMSRAJ51)

“स्वयं से वार्तालाप(बातचीत) करके जीवन में आश्चर्यजनक परिवर्तन लाया जा सकता है। ऐसा करके आप अपने भीतर छिपी बुराईयाें(Weakness) काे पहचानते है, और स्वयं काे अच्छा बनने के लिए प्रोत्सािहत करते हैं।”

In English

Amazing changes the conversation yourself can be brought tolife by. By doing this you Recognize hidden within the buraiyaensolar radiation, and encourage good solar radiation to becomethemselves.

 ~KMSRAJ51 (“तू ना हो निराश कभी मन से” किताब से)

“अगर अपने कार्य से आप स्वयं संतुष्ट हैं, ताे फिर अन्य लोग क्या कहते हैं उसकी परवाह ना करें।”

-KMSRAJ51

 

 

_______Copyright © 2015 kmsraj51.com All Rights Reserved.________

सच्चा उपहार।

Kmsraj51 की कलम से…..

Kmsraj51-CYMT04

सच्चा उपहार।

सोनू और मिंटू में गहरी मित्रता थी। सोनू साधारण परिवार से सम्बन्ध रखता था जबकि मिंटू बहुत अमीर परिवार से सम्बंधित था। मिंटू को अपने अमीर होने पर घमंड था। सभी उसे समझाते कि घमंड करना अच्छी बात नहीं है पर मिंटू के सामने सभी व्यर्थ थीं।

उस दिन मिंटू का जन्मदिन था। उसके सभी मित्र बड़े बड़े उपहार लेकर आये थे । सोनू भी दावत में उपस्थित हुआ परन्तु एक छोटे से उपहार के साथ । सोनू बड़े प्रेम से अपने मित्र को जन्मदिन की बधाई देता हुआ अपना उपहार जिसमे एक रुमाल था मिंटू को भेंट  देता है। उपहार में रुमाल को देख कर मिंटू  ने गुस्से में कहा-” मुझे यह रुमाल नहीं चाहिए,देखो मेरे पास कितने बड़े बड़े और सुन्दर उपहार हैं । राजेश मेरे लिए साइकिल लाया है। अभय मेरे लिए गिटार लाया है…।”

      इसी तरह मिंटू ने सबके नाम गिनवाने शुरू कर दिए।

यह देख कर मिंटू के दादा जी को बहुत बुरा लगा। उन्हें एक तरकीब सूझी। उन्होंने कहा-“आह ! मेरी आँख में कुछ चला गया है – क्या करूँ? अरे मिंटू ज़रा ,अपनी साइकिल तो लेकर आना। मुझे अपनी आँख पर लगानी है।”

                 “लेकिन वो तो साइकिल है दादाजी ,आपको तो रुमाल की ज़रूरत है।” मिंटू ने कहा।

दादा जी ने तुरंत कहा – “लेकिन रुमाल तो बहुत छोटा है ।”

मिंटू को समझते देर न लगी और तुरंत अपने मित्र सोनू के  पास दौड़ा। वह कुछ बोल नहीं पा रहा था परन्तु उसकी आँखों में पश्चाताप के आंसू थे। उसे अहसास हो रहा था कि यही सच्चा उपहार  है जिसमें सोनू की सुन्दर भावना छिपी है। सोनू ने मिंटू को गले से लगा लिया।

सभी ओर आनंद का वातावरण बन गया था। दादाजी उनके पीछे खड़े होकर मुस्कुरा रहे थे।

℘ नंदिता भारद्वाज (नोएडा, उत्तर प्रदेश)

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“सफलता का सबसे बड़ा सूत्र”(KMSRAJ51)

“स्वयं से वार्तालाप(बातचीत) करके जीवन में आश्चर्यजनक परिवर्तन लाया जा सकता है। ऐसा करके आप अपने भीतर छिपी बुराईयाें(Weakness) काे पहचानते है, और स्वयं काे अच्छा बनने के लिए प्रोत्साहित करते हैं।”

In English

Amazing changes the conversation yourself can be brought tolife by. By doing this you Recognize hidden within the buraiyaensolar radiation, and encourage good solar radiation to becomethemselves.

 ~KMSRAJ51 (“तू ना हो निराश कभी मन से” किताब से)

“अगर जीवन में सफल हाेना हैं, ताे कभी भी काेई भी कार्य करें ताे पुरें मन से करे।

जीवन में सफलता आपकाे देर से ही सही लेकिन सफलता आपकाे जरुर मिलेगी॥”

 ~KMSRAJ51

 

 

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